Hylaine membrane disease

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[edit] Discussion of Hylaine membrane disease

  • AKA surfactant deficient disease
  • AKA respiratory distress syndrome
  • Most common cause of death in newborns
  • Results from inability of premature type II pneumocytes to make surfactant.
    • Surfactant reduces surface tension
    • Alveoli collapse when surfactant is not present
  • Treatment may be achieved through the administration of surfactant
    • Pros:
      • Decreased oxygen and ventilator requirements
      • Decreased airblock complications
      • Deceased intracranial hemorrhage
    • Cons:

[edit] Imaging Findings for Hylaine membrane disease

[edit] Plain films

  • Low lung volumes
  • Bilateral granular opacities (represent areas of collapsed alveoli mixed with areas of open alveoli)

[edit] Images

Patient #1

[edit] See Also

[edit] External Links

[edit] References