Polycystic ovarian syndrome

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[edit] Discussion of Polycystic ovarian syndrome

  • AKA Stein-Leventhal syndrome.
  • The diagnostic criteria of PCOS include hyperandrogenism and chronic anovulation and excludes secondary causes such as neoplasm and hyperprolactinemia.
  • An elevated luteinizing hormone/follicle-stimulating hormone ratio is often but not always present
  • Cystic ovarian changes are usually present but not essential for diagnosis.
  • Hirsutism occurs in approximately 70% of patients with PCOS in the United States.

[edit] Imaging Findings for Polycystic ovarian syndrome

[edit] US

  • Ovaries are slightly enlarged, with with mutliple small (usually less than 1 cm) cysts peripherally.

[edit] MRI

  • Ovaries are slightly enlarged, with a central area of low signal intensity and small cysts peripherally.

[edit] Images

Patient #1

[edit] See Also

[edit] External Links

[edit] References for Polycystic ovarian syndrome